Is India prepared to face the impending water scarcity?

  • India recently recognized the need to manage existing water reserves in order to avoid future water strain; however, for a country of such vast geographical expanse the initiatives taken so far are too few and too spread out.
  • India would benefit from establishing an independent central regulatory agency to design, control and coordinate national programs for water conservation.
  • Government policy changes (such as those mentioned) below would also ensure that water management techniques and initiatives are executed at a national level across sectors.
        Agricultural Sector
            Improve water usage efficiency in the production of water-intensive crops such as rice, wheat and sugarcane; encourage adoption of techniques such as rain-water harvesting and watershed management in agriculture
            Reduce subsidies on power and implement customized pricing models to counter groundwater exploitation through excessive withdrawal
        Industrial Sector
            Encourage investment in recycling and treatment of industrial wastewater through regulations and subsidies for water treatment plants
        Domestic Sector
            Implement policies to make rain-water harvesting mandatory in cities with new construction projects
            Propagate efficient water usage practices through community based education programs
           
  • Prioritizing the implementation of the National River Link Project (that connects 30 big rivers and canals and generates 175 Tr liters of water by the interlinking of rivers) is also an important step for the government to take because it will reduce regional disparities in water availability